What are the OWASP Top 10 Vulnerabilities for the year 2022?
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The Latest OWASP Top 10 Categories In 2022
1. Broken Access Control
Attackers can acquire access to user accounts and behave as users or administrators, and normal users can gain unwanted privileged functions due to a lack of access control. Each position has explicit and separated privileges thanks to strong access safeguards.
2. Cryptographic Failures
The protection of data in transit and at rest is covered by Cryptographic Failures, formerly known as Sensitive Data Exposure. Passwords, credit card numbers, medical records, personal information, and other sensitive data are all examples.
Injection vulnerabilities in online applications allow attackers to transmit malicious data to an interpreter, which is then compiled and executed on the server. SQL injection is a popular type of injection.
4. Insecure Design
Insecure Design refers to a set of flaws caused by the absence or ineffectiveness of security safeguards. Some applications are built without security in mind. Others have a secure concept but implementation problems that can lead to exploitable security flaws. An unsafe design, by definition, cannot be repaired by good implementation or configuration. This is due to a lack of fundamental security mechanisms that can effectively protect against major threats.
5. Security Misconfiguration
Security A lack of security hardening across the application layer is a misconfiguration. This can involve misconfigured cloud service permissions, unneeded functionality being enabled or installed, and default admin accounts or passwords. XML External Entities (XXE), which was previously a separate OWASP category, is now included as well.
6. Vulnerable And Outdated Components
Vulnerable and Outdated Components refer to flaws in software that are no longer supported or updated. This group of vulnerabilities affects anyone who produces or uses an application without first learning about its core components, their versions, and whether they have been updated.
7. Identification And Authentication Failures
Identification and Authentication Failures, formerly known as Broken Authentication, now include security issues with user identities as well. It is vital to confirm and validate user identities, as well as set up secure session management, to protect against a variety of exploits and attacks.
8. Software And Data Integrity Failures
Code and infrastructure that are prone to integrity violations are involved in software and data integrity failures. This includes invalidated software updates, sensitive data modifications, and changes to the CI/CD workflow. There is widespread worry about programs that update themselves. Attackers hacked into the supply chain in numerous cases and developed their malicious upgrades.
9. Security Logging And Monitoring Failures
Monitoring and logging of security incidents Failures, formerly known as Insufficient Logging and Monitoring, are flaws in an application’s capacity to detect and respond to security threats. Without logging and monitoring, breaches cannot be detected. Visibility, alerting, and forensics are all affected by failures in this category.
10. Server-Side Request Forgery
When a web application takes data from a remote resource based on a user-specified URL without validating the URL, it is called a Server-Side Request Forgery (SSRF) vulnerability. If they accept invalidated URLs as user inputs, even servers secured by a firewall, VPN, or network access control list (ACL) can be vulnerable to this attack.
OWASP provides secure programming, which is a method of designing software code that protects it from all types of vulnerabilities, attacks, and other threats that could affect the software or the system that uses it.
To read more on OWASP’s top 10, you can check out this article — ALL ABOUT OWASP TOP 10
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